The Crystal Beads Murder by Annie Haynes

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Reviewed by Lyn Baines

It struck me while I was reading this book that one of the differences between the Golden Age murder mystery and a lot of modern detective novels or thrillers is the status of the victim. In the Golden Age novel (and some modern police procedurals), the victim is hardly regretted. They are introduced only in order to show the reader how repulsive they are, and then they’re mercifully bumped off. In modern thrillers, particularly those with serial killers, the victims are portrayed as innocents, invariably in the wrong place at the wrong time. They usually don’t know their killer so they can’t have done anything to “justify” their death. The plot of the Golden Age novel was generally more concerned with the puzzle of the mystery and to have a reasonable number of suspects, so the victim had to have made a certain number of enemies. I know this is a terrible generalisation but there it is, for what it’s worth. The unlikeable victim is one of the characteristics of the Golden Age puzzle mystery and as I enjoy a good puzzle as much as the next reader, I loved The Crystal Beads Murder by Annie Haynes, another neglected writer rediscovered by Dean Street Press.

When the body of Robert Saunderson is found in the summerhouse of Lord Medchester’s country house, Holford Hall, in Loamshire, there are several people who are glad that he’s dead. Saunderson was a man of mysterious antecedents. Rich and connected to the racing set, he had been invited to Lord Medchester’s house for a weekend mostly because of those racing connections. There are also rumours that Minnie, Lady Medchester, is having an affair with Saunderson. Saunderson had also become acquainted with Lord Medchester’s cousins, Harold and Anne Courtenay. Harold is a weak young man, trying to gamble his way out of financial difficulties and failing. He’s running around with a vulgar crowd that includes Maurice and Sybil Stainer, a couple of chancers who have battened on to Harold and are leading him astray. Anne dislikes Saunderson and is repelled by his obvious interest in herself. She is engaged to Michael Burford, the trainer at Lord Medchester’s stables. Harold has put himself into Sanderson’s power, and the only way for him to avoid disgrace is if Anne agrees to marry Saunderson. She is horrified by this but is also afraid of scandal and  of upsetting their elderly grandfather.

Some weeks after the weekend house party at Holford House, Saunderson writes to Anne, asking to meet her in the summerhouse to discuss her future. The scandal over Harold’s misdemeanor is about to break and Saunderson is pressuring Anne to marry him. The house is full of guests but Anne goes to her room after dinner and prepares to meet Saunderson. Someone hiding in the shrubbery watches Anne as she enters the summerhouse and as she leaves with a look of horror on her face. Next morning, the body of a man in evening dress is discovered in the summerhouse. He has been shot in the heart. Robbery doesn’t seem to be the motive but there are three crystal beads found in his pocket. Beads that were not there when the local policeman, Superintendent Meyer, first examined the body.

Inspector Stoddart and Sergeant Harbord of Scotland Yard arrive to lead the investigation into Saunderson’s murder. They soon discover that there are almost too many suspects. Saunderson owned a money-lending business and dabbled in blackmail on the side. There are the rumours of his affair with Lady Medchester and of  the evasiveness of Anne and Harold Courtenay. What was Saunderson doing at Holford Hall when he wasn’t a member of the house party? It seems likely that the murderer must have been among the household or guests at the Hall but then a figure from Saunderson’s past makes a surprise appearance and sends the investigation in another direction entirely. The significance of the crystal beads continues to be elusive and it takes a visit to the dentist to provide a vital clue.

I thought this was a terrific mystery, I read it in just a couple of days. The pace is brisk and I really liked Stoddart and Harbord. I love a good police procedural and I enjoyed the way that Stoddart works his way through the different scenarios that present themselves. The characters of Anne Courtenayand Lady Medchester are particularly well-done as they are both caught in traps partly of their own making and we watch as they thrash around trying to extricate themselves. The minor characters are individuals, not just stock characters, from Mrs Meyer, wife of the local policeman to Mrs Yates, keeper of the lodge at the Hall and the tramp who becomes a vital witness. The Crystal Beads Murder was published in 1930 and was Annie Haynes’s final mystery. In fact, she died leaving it unfinished and another writer completed the manuscript. I couldn’t see the join but then, I was reading so fast that I’m not surprised I failed to notice.

Dean Street Press are republishing all twelve of Haynes’s mystery novels which she wrote in the 1920s. She was well-regarded in her time, one of only two women mystery writers published by The Bodley Head (the other was Agatha Christie). I’m not sure how relevant that is as Agatha left The Bodley Head for Collins as soon as she was able to get out of her contract, but they did give her a start. Curtis Evans has written the Introduction to all the Haynes reprints and he’s done considerable research into her life & career. Born in 1865, she was the daughter of an ironmonger, who lived with her mother and  grandparents after her father left the family. Her grandfather was the gardener at Coleorton Hall in Leicestershire. In later life, Haynes lived in London with Ada Heather-Biggs, a prominent feminist and  social reformer. Haynes published her first novel, The Bungalow Mystery, in 1923, although she had written newspaper serials. Her novels were admired by critics who enjoyed the crafting of her plots and her characterization as much as the twists and turns of the puzzle. She suffered from rheumatoid arthritis for the last 15 years of her life and  it’s remarkable that she was able to continue working. Her novels were out of print only a few years after her death and were forgotten until this rediscovery.

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Lyn Baines blogs at I Prefer Reading, has no hope of ever getting through the tbr shelves but refuses to let this worry her.

Annie Haynes, The Crystal Beads Murder (Dean Street Press: 2015). 978-1910570807, 236 pp.,  paperback.

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