Reviewed by Susan Osborne
Eagle-eyed readers already familiar with Sarah Moss’s work may recognise one of the characters in her new novel. May first made her appearance, albeit in a collection of letters found two hundred years after her death, in Moss’s second novel Night Waking. She trained as a nurse, taking up a position on the Hebridean island of Colsay where she hoped to introduce modern midwifery practices, but as readers of Bodies of Light will discover, she was also determined to escape her mother’s puritanical demands and live life on her own terms. Set in the nineteenth century, Bodies of Light is very much about women making their way in the world and the challenges – sometimes mortal danger – that they faced.
The daughter of a strictly religious, frighteningly exacting mother, Elizabeth marries Alfred, a worldly arts and crafts designer. They have a child, Alethea, whom Elizabeth is unable to love, then another, May, three years later. Intent on helping Manchester’s impoverished women – often struggling to feed their families, enduring beatings and forced to resort to prostitution – Elizabeth has neither time nor inclination for indulging her daughters. Ally tries her best to meet her mother’s impossibly demanding standards but May turns to her playful father and his friend Aubrey. Singled out at school, Ally resolves to become a doctor, facing the possibility of travelling to Canada to study, while May turns to nursing. Both daughters must find a way to deal with their mother’s inability to compromise but while Ally continues her dutiful visits to the destitute, sometimes succumbing to panic attacks – labelled hysteria by her mother – May takes a more rebellious route.
Moss has an eye for striking phrases – for Elizabeth who barely saw the sea as a child ‘the ocean itself was just another grown-up story’ while ‘rage spreading like smoke through the house’ describes the insistent cry of a hungry baby perfectly – but Bodies of Light is much more than just an arresting piece of writing, accomplished though it is. The novel is thoroughly rooted in the nineteenth century, a time of enormous change and challenge for women. The 1864 Contagious Diseases Act, campaigned against in the novel by Elizabeth, allowed appalling humiliation to be imposed on any woman deemed a threat to men’s sexual health, heart-wrenchingly described by Moss. At the same time women were finally beginning to be admitted to universities – Ally is amongst the first to study medicine in London, although she must endure insults and patronising comments from male colleagues. Moss’s period detail is superb and her characterisation convincing. Elizabeth’s treatment of her children, enough to alert social services today, is the only way she knows having enjoyed no indulgence from her own mother. It’s impossible not to cheer Ally on as she grows from a fragile young woman desperate to please her draconian mother into a feminist unafraid to speak her mind. Both an immensely satisfying novel, and an enlightening one.
Sarah Moss, Bodies of Light, (Granta Books: London, 2014) 9781847089090 320 pages Paperback
Susan Osborne blogs at A Life in Books (www.alifeinbooks.co.uk). Never, ever leave home without a book.